Central Board of Secondary Education 10th Board Exam
Central Board of Secondary Education 10th Board Exam

CBSE 10th Syllabus 2024-25: Latest Syllabus for Class 10 Subjects & Steps to Download Syllabus

Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has released the CBSE class 10 syllabus 2024-25 on its official website. Students must refer to the latest CBSE 10th syllabus & exam pattern while preparing for the board exams.
CBSE 10th Syllabus 2024-25

CBSE 10th Syllabus 2024-25

CBSE 10th Syllabus 2024: The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) released the CBSE class 10th syllabus 2024-25 in online mode. Students who are appearing for their annual board exams and download the syllabus from the board's official website. The CBSE 10 board exams 2024 were conducted from February 15 to March 13, 2024, in offline mode. 

Students appearing for the upcoming CBSE annual board examinations are advised to strategically prepare for the exams. They must focus on thoroughly understanding and covering the topics mentioned in the syllabus and not waste their time elsewhere. Besides the latest syllabus, students must also go through the latest CBSE 10th exam pattern 2024.

CBSE 10th Syllabus 2024 - Latest Update

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has released a notification about the assessment and evaluation practices for the Session 2024-25. However, there's no change in the composition of the question paper from the previous academic session. Check the details in the table below:

CBSE (Classes IX-X)

Particulars

Academic Session 2023-24

Academic Session 2024-25

(No change from the previous academic session)

Composition of question paper for year-end examination/ Board Examination (Theory)

  • Competency Focused Questions in the form of MCQs/ Case Based Questions, Source-based Integrated Questions, or any other type = 50%
  • Select response type questions (MCQ) = 20%
  • Constructed response questions (Short Answer/Long Answer Type Questions, as per existing pattern) = 30%
  • Competency Focused Questions in the form of MCQs/Case Based Questions, Source-based Integrated Questions, or any other type = 50%
  • Select response type questions (MCQ) = 20%
  • Constructed response questions (Short Answer/Long Answer Type Questions, as per existing pattern) = 30%

CBSE 10th Syllabus 2024-25 PDFs

Students appearing for the CBSE class 10th exams 2024-25 can download the latest syllabus for various class 10 subjects with the help of the direct PDF links provided below:

CBSE Class 10th Syllabus 2024-25

CBSE Class 10 English Language and Literature Syllabus

CBSE Class 10 English (Communicative) Syllabus

CBSE 10th Mathematics Syllabus
CBSE 10th Science Syllabus
CBSE 10th Science Syllabus
CBSE 10th Hindi Course-A Syllabus 2024
CBSE 10th Hindi Course-B Syllabus 2024

CBSE 10th Syllabus 2024: Steps to download 

The board officials has released the CBSE 10th syllabus 2024 on its official website. Students can download the syllabus from the CBSE’s website by following the below-given steps:

Step 1: Visit the official website of CBSE academic

Step 2: Navigate to the “Curriculum” tab and then click on it

Step 3: Now, click on the secondary curriculum link

Step 4: Next, you have to click on the names of the subjects whose PDFs you want to download

Step 5: Download the required syllabus PDFs and save them for your reference

Note: The syllabus below has been taken from the official CBSE notification.

CBSE 10th Syllabus 2024: Mathematics

Unit

Topics

Sub-topics

Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Unit I: Number Systems

Real Number

Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic, Proofs of irrationality 

06

Unit II: Algebra

Polynomials

Zeros of a polynomial, Relationship between zeros and coefficients of quadratic polynomials

20

Pair of Linear Equations in Two Variables

Pair of linear equations in two variables and graphical method of their solution, consistency/inconsistency, Algebraic conditions for number of solutions, Solution of a pair of linear equations in two variables algebraically

Quadratic Equations

Standard form of a quadratic equation, Solutions of quadratic equations (only real roots) by factorization, and by using quadratic formula, Relationship between discriminant and nature of roots

Arithmetic Progressions

Arithmetic Progression Derivation of the nth term and sum of the first n terms of A.P. and their application in solving daily life problems

Unit III: Coordinate Geometry 

Coordinate Geometry 

Concepts of coordinate geometry, graphs of linear equations, Distance formula, Section formula (internal division)

06

Unit IV: Geometry

Triangles 

Definition, proofs

15

Circles

Tangent, proofs

Unit V: Trigonometry

Introduction To Trigonometry

Trigonometric ratios of an acute angle of a right-angled triangle, Proof of their existence (well defined); motivate the ratios whichever are defined at 0 degrees and 90 degrees, Values of the trigonometric ratios of 300 , 450 and 600, Relationships between the ratios

12

Trigonometric Identities

Proof and applications of the identity sin2A + cos2A = 1, only simple identities

Heights and Distances: Angle of Elevation, Angle of Depression

Simple problems on heights and distances, Problems should not involve more than two right triangles,Angles of elevation/depression should be only 30°, 45°, and 60°

Unit VI: Mensuration

Areas related to Circles

Area of sectors and segments of a circle, Problems based on areas and perimeter/circumference of the above said plane figures, (In calculating the area of a segment of a circle, problems should be restricted to central angle of 60°, 90° and 120° only

10

Surface Area and Volumes

Surface areas and volumes of combinations of any two of the following: cubes, cuboids, spheres, hemispheres, and right circular cylinders/cones

Unit VII: Statistics and Probability 

Statistics 

Mean, median, and mode of grouped data

11

Probability 

Classical definition of probability, Simple problems on finding the probability of an event

TOTAL

80 MARKS

INTERNAL ASSESSMENT

20 MARKS

GRAND TOTAL

100 MARKS

Class 10th CBSE Science Syllabus 2024

Students can go through the syllabus of CBSE class 10th Science 2024 in the table below:

Unit

Topic

Sub-topic

Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Unit I: Chemical Substances - Nature and Behaviour

Chemical reactions

Chemical equation, Balanced chemical equation, implications of a balanced chemical equation, types of chemical reactions: combination, decomposition, displacement, double displacement, precipitation, endothermic exothermic reactions, oxidation and reduction

25

Acids, bases and salts

Their definitions in terms of furnishing of H+ and OH– ions, General properties, examples and uses, neutralization, concept of pH scale (Definition relating to logarithm not required), importance of pH in everyday life; preparation and uses of Sodium Hydroxide, Bleaching powder, Baking soda, Washing soda and Plaster of Paris.

Metals and nonmetals

Properties of metals and non-metals; Reactivity series; Formation and properties of ionic compounds; Basic metallurgical processes; Corrosion and its prevention

Carbon compounds

Covalent bonding in carbon compounds, Versatile nature of carbon. Homologous series, Nomenclature of carbon compounds containing functional groups (halogens, alcohol, ketones, aldehydes, alkanes and alkynes), difference between saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons, Chemical properties of carbon compounds (combustion, oxidation, addition and substitution reaction), Ethanol and Ethanoic acid (only properties and uses), soaps and detergents

Unit II: World of Living

Life processes

Living Being, Basic concept of nutrition, respiration, transport and excretion in plants and animals

25

Control and coordination in animals and plants

Tropic movements in plants; Introduction of plant hormones; Control and coordination in animals: Nervous system; Voluntary, involuntary and reflex action; Chemical coordination: animal hormones

Reproduction

Reproduction in animals and plants (asexual and sexual) reproductive health - need and methods of family planning, Safe sex vs HIV/AIDS, Child bearing and women’s health

Heredity and Evolution

Heredity; Mendel’s contribution- Laws for inheritance of traits: Sex determination: brief introduction: (topics excluded - evolution; evolution and classification and evolution should not be equated with progress)

Unit III: Natural Phenomena

Natural Phenomena

Reflection of light by curved surfaces; Images formed by spherical mirrors, centre of curvature, principal axis, principal focus, focal length, mirror formula (Derivation not required),magnification Refraction; Laws of refraction, refractive index. Refraction of light by spherical lens; Image formed by spherical lenses; Lens formula(Derivation not required); Magnification Power of a lens; Functioning of a lens in human eye, defects of vision and their corrections, applications of spherical mirrors and lenses Refraction of light through a prism, dispersion of light, scattering of light, applications in daily life (excluding colour of the sun at sunrise and sunset)

12

Unit IV: Effects of Current

Electricity

Electric current, potential difference and electric current, Ohm’s law; Resistance, Resistivity, Factors on which the resistance of a conductor depends, Series combination of resistors, parallel combination of resistors and its applications in daily life, Heating effect of electric current and its applications in daily life, Electric power, Interrelation between P, V, I and R

13

Magnetic Effects of Electric Current

Magnetic field, field lines, field due to a current carrying conductor, field due to current carrying coil or solenoid; Force on current carrying conductor,Fleming’s Left Hand Rule, Direct current, Alternating current: frequency of AC, Advantage of AC over DC, Domestic electric circuits

Unit V: Natural Resources

Our Environment

Eco-system, Environmental problems, Ozone depletion, waste production and their solutions, Biodegradable and non-biodegradable substances

05

TOTAL

80 MARKS

INTERNAL ASSESSMENT

20 MARKS

GRAND TOTAL

100 MARKS

CBSE 10th Syllabus 2024: Social Science

Students can check the syllabus of CBSE class 10th Social Science 2024 in the table below:

Unit

Topic

Sub-topic

Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Unit I:  India and the Contemporary World – II 

The Rise of Nationalism in Europe:

The French Revolution and the Idea of the Nation, The Making of Nationalism in Europe, The Age of Revolutions: 1830-1848, The Making of Germany and Italy, Visualising the Nation, Nationalism and Imperialism 

20

Nationalism in India

The First World War, Khilafat and Non-Cooperation, Differing Strands within the Movement, Towards Civil Disobedience, The Sense of Collective Belonging

The Making of a Global World

The Pre-modern world, The Nineteenth Century (1815-1914), The Inter war Economy, Rebuilding a World Economy: The Post-War Era

The Age of Industrialization

Before the Industrial Revolution, Hand Labour and Steam Power, Industrialization in the Colonies, Factories Come Up, The Peculiarities of Industrial Growth, Market for Goods 

Print Culture and the Modern World

The First Printed Books, Print Comes to Europe, The Print Revolution and its Impact, The Reading Mania, The Nineteenth Century, India and the World of Print, Religious Reform and Public Debates, New Forms of Publication, Print and Censorship 

Unit II: Contemporary India – II

Resources and Development

Concept, Development of Resources, Resource Planning - Resource Planning in India, Conservation of Resources, Land Resources, Land Utilization, Land Use Pattern in India, Land Degradation and Conservation Measures, Soil as a Resource - Classification of Soils, Soil Erosion and Soil Conservation (excluding Box Information on

20

Forest and Wildlife

Conservation of forest and wildlife in India, Types and distribution of forests and wildlife resources, Community and Conservation 

Water Resources

Water Scarcity and The Need for Water Conservation and Management  Multi-Purpose River Projects and Integrated Water Resources Management  Rainwater Harvesting 

Agriculture

Types of Farming – Primitive Subsistence, Intensive Subsistence, Commercial, Cropping Pattern – Major Crops, Food Crops other than Grains, Non-Food Crops, Technological and Institutional Reforms, Food Security (excluding impact of globalization on agriculture)

Minerals and Energy Resources 

What is a mineral?, Mode of occurrence of Minerals - Where are these minerals found? Ferrous Minerals, Non-Ferrous Minerals, NonMetallic Minerals, Rock Minerals, Conservation of Minerals, Energy Resources - Conventional Sources of Energy, Non-Conventional Sources of Energy, Conservation of Energy Resources

Manufacturing Industries

Importance of Manufacturing - Industrial Location (excluding Industry Market Linkage), Agro-based Industry (excluding Cotton Textiles, Jute Textiles, Sugar Industry), Mineral based Industries (excluding Iron Steel Industry, Cement Industry), Industrial Pollution and Environmental Degradation, Control of Environmental Degradation 

Life Lines of National Economy

Roadways, Railways, Pipelines, Waterways, Major Seaports, Airways, Communication, International Trade, Tourism as a Trade 

Unit III:  Democratic Politics – II 

Power Sharing

Belgium and Sri Lanka, Majoritarianism in Sri Lanka, Accommodation in Belgium, Why power sharing is desirable? , Forms of Power Sharing 

20

Federalism

What is Federalism?, What make India a Federal Country?, How is Federalism practiced? , Decentralization in India

Gender, Religion, and Caste

Gender and Politics - Public/Private division, Women’s political representation, Religion, Communalism, and Politics – Communalism, Secular State (excluding image on pages 46, 48, 49 of NCERT Textbook – Democratic Politics –II - reprinted edition 2021), Caste and Politics - Caste inequalities, Caste in politics, Politics in caste 

Political Parties

Why do we need Political Parties? – Meaning, Functions, Necessity, How many parties should we have?, National Parties, State Parties, Challenges to Political Parties, How can Parties be reformed?

Outcomes of Democracy

How do we assess democracy’s outcomes? , Accountable, responsive and legitimate government, Economic growth and development, Reduction of inequality and poverty , Accommodation of social diversity, Dignity, and freedom of the citizens 

Unit IV: : Understanding Economic Development

Development

What Development Promises - Different People, Different Goals, Income and Other Goals, National Development, How to compare different countries or states?  , Income and other criteria, Public Facilities, Sustainability of Development 

20

Sectors of the Indian Economy

Sectors of Economic Activities, Comparing the three sectors, Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Sectors in India, Division of sectors as organised and unorganised, Sectors in terms of ownership: Public and Private Sectors

Money and Credit

Money as a medium of exchange, Modern forms of Money, Loan activities of Banks, Two different Credit situations, Terms of Credit, Formal Sector Credit in India, Self Help Groups for the Poor

Globalisation and the Indian Economy

Production across countries, Interlinking production across countries, Foreign Trade and Integration of markets, What is Globalization?  , Factors that have enabled Globalization, World Trade Organization, Impact of Globalization in India, The Struggle for a fair Globalization 

Consumer Rights (Only for Project Work)

Consumer Rights

TOTAL

80 MARKS

INTERNAL ASSESSMENT

20 MARKS

GRAND TOTAL

100 MARKS

English Syllabus Class 10 CBSE 2023-24 

Students who are appearing for the CBSE 10th board exams 2024 can check the syllabus of English subject in the table below:

Section

Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Section A: Reading Comprehension

20

Section B: Writing Skill and Grammar

20

Section C: Language Through Literature

40

TOTAL

80 MARKS

INTERNAL ASSESSMENT

20 MARKS

GRAND TOTAL

100 MARKS

CBSE 10th Syllabus 2024: English Books

Students can also check the list of English books for the CBSE 10th English exam preparation 2024 below:

Name of the Books

Chapters

First Flight

Prose

 1. A letter to God 

2. Nelson Mandela - Long Walk to Freedom 

3. Two Stories About Flying 

4. From the Diary of Anne Frank 

5. Glimpses of India 

6. Mijbil the Otter 

7. Madam Rides the Bus 

8. The Sermon at Benares 

9. The Proposal (Play) 

Poems

1. Dust of Snow 

2. Fire and Ice 

3. A tiger in the Zoo 

4. How to Tell Wild Animals 

5. The Ball Poem 

6. Amanda! 

7. The Trees 

8. Fog 

9. The Tale of Custard the Dragon 

10. For Anne Gregory 

Footprints without feet

1. A Triumph of Surgery 

2. The Thief's Story 

3. The Midnight Visitor 

4. A Question of Trust 

5. Footprints Without Feet 

6. The Making of a Scientist 

7. The necklace 

8. Bholi 

9. The Book That Saved the Earth 

Words and Expressions - II (Workbook for Class X)

Units 1 to 4

Units 7 to 11 

CBSE Class 10th Hindi Syllabus 2024 

For Hindi, there are two courses: Hindi Course A and Hindi Course B. Students need to prepare for either of the two courses for the board exams.

CBSE 10th Syllabus 2024: Hindi Course A

Section

Sub-Section

Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Section A (Objective Types Questions)

Reading Comprehension through Unseen Passage

10

Grammar

16

Kshitij Part 2

14

Section B (Subjective Type Questions)

Questions from 

Kshitij Part 2 

Kritika Part 2

20

Writing 

20

TOTAL

80 MARKS

INTERNAL ASSESSMENT

20 MARKS

GRAND TOTAL

100 MARKS

CBSE 10th Syllabus 2024: Hindi Course A Books


Name of the book


Chapters

Kshitij Part 2

Chapter 1 - सूरदास

Chapter 2 - तुलसीदास

Chapter 4 - जयशंकर प्रसाद

Chapter 5 - सूर्यकांत त्रिपाठी ‘निराला'

Chapter 6 - नागार्जुन

Chapter 9 - मंगलेश डबराल

Chapter 10 - स्वयं प्रकाश

Chapter 11 - रामवृक्ष बेनीपुरी

Chapter 12 - यशपाल

Chapter 14 - मन्नू भंडारी

Chapter 16 - यतीन्द्र मिश्रा

Chapter 17 - भदंत आनंद कौसल्यायन

Kritika Part 2

Chapter 1 - माता का अँचल

Chapter 3 - साना – साना हाथ जोड़ि…

Chapter 5 - मैं क्यों लिखता हूँ?

CBSE 10th Syllabus 2024: Hindi Course B

Section

Sub-Section

Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Section A (Objective Types Questions)

Reading Comprehension through unseen passage

10

Grammar

16

Sparsh Part 2

14

Section B (Subjective Type Questions)

Questions from 

Sparsh Part 2 

Sanchayan Part 2

18

Writing 

22

TOTAL

80 MARKS

INTERNAL ASSESSMENT

20 MARKS

GRAND TOTAL

100 MARKS

CBSE 10th Syllabus 2024: Hindi Course B Books

Name of the book

Chapters

Sparsh Part 2

Chapter 1 - कबीर – साखी

Chapter 2 - मीरा – पद

Chapter 4 - मैथिलीशरण गुप्त – मानुषीता

Chapter 5 - सुमित्रानंदन पंत – परवत प्रदेश के पावस

Chapter 7 - वीरेन डंगवाल – तोप

Chapter 8 - कैफ़ी आज़मी – कर चले हम फ़िदा

Chapter 9 - रवींद्रनाथ ठाकुर – आत्मत्राण

Chapter 10 - प्रेमचंद – बडे भाई साहब

Chapter 11 - सीताराम सेकसरिया – डायरी का एक पन्ना

Chapter 12 - तताँरा वामीरो कथा

Chapter 13 - प्रह्लाद अग्रवाल – तीसरी कसम के शिल्पकार शैलेंद्र

Chapter 15 - निदा फाजली – अब कहाँ दूसरे के दुख से दुखी होने वाले

Chapter 16 - रवीन्द्र केलेकर – पतझर में टूटी पत्तियाँ

Chapter 17 - हबीब तनवीर — कारतूस

Sanchayan Part 2

Chapter 1 - हरिहर काका मिथिलेश्वर

Chapter 2 - सपनों के से दिन गुरदयाल सिंह

Chapter 3 - टोपी शुक्ला राही मासूम रज़ा

Why is the CBSE class 10th syllabus 2024 important?

The CBSE syllabus serves as a comprehensive roadmap outlining the course structure and curriculum for a given academic session. The CBSE Class 10 Syllabus for the year 2023-24 encompasses all important components, providing insight into the type and volume of content provided by the board. Know More About CBSE 10th Exam 2024 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

From where can I download CBSE 10th exam syllabus 2024?

You can download the CBSE 10th exam syllabus 2024 from the official website of CBSE Academic. Go to the website and click on the curriculum section. From the curriculum section, click on the link to the secondary class syllabus 2023-24. From here, you can download the syllabus for the relevant subjects.

What is the weightage of internal assessment in CBSE 10th exams 2024?

Internal assessment will be carrying 20 marks as before in the CBSE 10th exams 2024.

When will the CBSE 10th results 2024 be declared?

CBSE class 10 results 2024 will be out in the month of May 2024.

Has CBSE made any changes to the CBSE 10th exam pattern 2024 this year?

Yes, CBSE has revised the CBSE 10th exam pattern this year. As per the revised CBSE 10th exam pattern, 50% of the questions will be competency-based (MCQs, source-based questions, case study-based questions, etc.), 20% of the questions will be MCQs and 30% of the questions will be short/long answer type questions.

What are exam dates for CBSE 10th exams 2024?

The CBSE 10th board exams will start on February 15, 2024 and end on April 10, 2024, according to the timetable released by the CBSE on its official website.

Is class 10 syllabus 2023-24 released?

Yes, CBSE board has released the class 10th syllabus 2023-24 on its official website.

How to score 95 percent in class 10?

In order to score 95% in class 10, students need to create a focused study plan, practice regularly, and maintain a healthy lifestyle. 

Is CBSE 10th syllabus 2024 the same for regular and compartment exams?

Yes, the syllabus for CBSE class 10 exams 2024 is same for regular and compartment exams.

What is the syllabus of Maths in CBSE Board 2024?

The revised syllabus of CBSE class 10 Mathematics consists of seven units: Number Systems, Algebra, Coordinate Geometry, Geometry, Trigonometry, Mensuration, and Statistics and Probability.

What is the official website to download the CBSE 10 syllabus 2024?

Students can go to the cbseacademic.nic.in to check and download the CBSE class 10th syllabus 2024 online.

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