National Institute of Open Schooling 12th Board Exam
National Institute of Open Schooling 12th Board Exam

NIOS 12th Syllabus 2023: Check Latest NIOS Class 12 Syllabus

The NIOS class 12 syllabus 2023 is available on the official NIOS website. Students can directly download the syllabus from the official website. Students must thoroughly go through the syllabus before starting with the NIOS 12th exam preparation.
NIOS 12th Syllabus 2023

NIOS 12th Syllabus 2023

NIOS 12th Syllabus 2023: The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) is responsible for conducting the class 10th and 12th open school examinations in India. The NIOS 12th syllabus for all class 12 subjects is available on the official website of NIOS. Students can download the NIOS 12th syllabus directly from the official website. Students are advised to thoroughly read the syllabus before beginning with the NIOS exam preparation.

Along with the exam syllabus, students must also go through the latest NIOS 12th exam pattern and marking scheme. For the NIOS 12th Exam 2023, students are required to select a minimum of five subjects including at least one but not more than two language subjects. However, students can opt for a third language as an additional subject. Students can take up to two additional subjects. 

Students must also solve as many NIOS 12th Previous Year Papers and sample papers as possible. By doing so, they will get an idea about the requirements of the NIOS 12th examination 2023. This year, the class 12 examination will be conducted in the offline mode at various NIOS authorised exam centres. 

Also Check: NIOS 12th Exam Pattern 2023

NIOS Class 12 Syllabus 2023: Highlights

As per the NIOS 12th exam pattern 2023, students are required to select a minimum of 5 subjects including one language or at most two language subjects. Students can also choose two additional subjects apart from the five core subjects. Students can choose a third language, if they wish to, as an additional subject. Students must choose the subjects that are relevant to their future educational and career plans.

Students have to choose their subjects for the NIOS 12th exam 2023 from the following group of subjects:



Group A










Group B


Home Science




Business Studies


Data Entry Operations

Veda Adhyan

Sanskrit Vyakaran

Bharatiya Darshan

Sanskrit Sahitya

Group C



Library and Information, Science

Environmental Science

Group D


Political Science

Mass Communication

Military Studies

Group E



Introduction to Law

Military History

Group F

Computer Science



Physical Education and Yog

Students must note that they can only opt for one subject each from Group C, D, E and F.

NIOS 12th Syllabus 2023

Students must be well aware of the NIOS class 12 syllabus for their respective subjects.

Students can download the NIOS 12th syllabus with the help of the following steps:

  • Go to the official NIOS website
  • Click on the “Learners Corner” tab
  • Then, click on the “study material” tab
  • Click on the link for study material for senior secondary courses (class 12)
  • A list of all class 12 subjects along with their syllabus PDFs will appear on your screen
  • From here, you can download the NIOS 12th syllabus PDFs for the relevant subjects

NIOS 12th English Syllabus 2023


Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Prescribed Texts (Prose + Poetry)


Non Prescribed Text 




Functional Writing Skills 


Optional Modules 




NIOS 12th Mathematics Syllabus 2023

NIOS 12th Mathematics Topics 2023

  • Sets
  • Relations and Functions
  • Trigonometric Functions-I
  • Trigonometric Functions-II
  • Relation between sides and angles of a triangle
  • Sequences and Series
  • Some special sequences
  • Complex Numbers
  • Quadratic Equations and Linear Inequalities
  • Principle of Mathematical Induction
  • Permutations and Combinations
  • Binomial Theorem
  • Cartesian System of Rectangular Coordinates
  • Straight Lines
  • Circles
  • Conic Sections
  • Measures of Dispersion
  • Random Experiments and Events
  • Probability
  • Matrices
  • Determinants
  • Inverse of a Matrix and its Applications
  • Relations and Functions-II
  • Inverse Trigonometric Functions
  • Limits and Continuity
  • Differentiation
  • Differentiation of Trigonometric Functions
  • Differentiation of Exponential and Logarithmic Functions
  • Application of Derivatives
  • Integration
  • Definite Integrals
  • Differential Equations
  • Introduction to 3-D
  • Vectors
  • Plane
  • Straight Line
  • Linear Programming
  • Mathematical Reasoning

NIOS 12th Physics Syllabus 2023

NIOS 12th Physics Topics 2023

  • Units, Dimensions and Vectors
  • Motion in a Straight Line
  • Laws of Motion
  • Motion in a Plane
  • Gravitation
  • Work, Energy and Power
  • Motion of a Rigid Body
  • Elastic Properties of Solids
  • Properties of Fluids
  • Kinetic Theory of Gases
  • Thermodynamics
  • Heat Transfer and Solar Energy
  • Simple Harmonic Motion
  • Wave Phenomena
  • Electric Charge and Electric Field
  • Electric Potential and Capacitors
  • Electric Current
  • Magnetism and Magnetic Effect of Electric Current
  • Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current
  • Reflection and Refraction of Light
  • Dispersion and Scattering of Light
  • Wave Phenomena and Light
  • Optical Instruments
  • Structure of Atom
  • Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter
  • Nuclei and Radioactivity
  • Nuclear Fission and Fusion
  • Semiconductors and Semiconducting Devices
  • Applications of Semiconductor Devices
  • Communication Systems

NIOS 12th Chemistry Syllabus 2023

NIOS 12th Chemistry Topics 2023

  • Atoms, Molecules and Chemical Arithmetic
  • Atomic Structure
  • Periodic Table and Periodicity in Properties
  • Chemical Bonding
  • The Gaseous State and Liquid State
  • The Solid State
  • Solutions
  • Colloids
  • Chemical Thermodynamics
  • Spontaneity of Chemical Reactions
  • Chemical Equilibrium
  • Ionic Equilibrium
  • Electrochemistry
  • Chemical Kinetics
  • Adsorption and Catalysis
  • Occurrence and Extraction of Metals
  • Hydrogen and s-Block Elements
  • General Characteristics of the p-block Elements
  • p-block elements and their compounds-I
  •  p-block elements and their compounds-II
  • d-block and f-block elements
  • Coordination Compounds
  • Nomenclature and General Principles
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Compounds of Carbon Containing Halogens (Haloalkanes and Haloarenes)
  • Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
  • Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
  • Compounds of a Carbon containing Nitrogen
  • Biomolecules
  • Drugs and Medicines
  • Soaps, Detergents and Polymers
  • Environmental Chemistry

NIOS 12th Biology Syllabus 2023



Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Diversity and Evolution of Life

  • Unit 1 Evolution and Classification of Organisms
  • Unit 2. Cell and Tissues


Form and function of plants and animals

  • Unit 1. Plants - Morphology and Physiology
  • Unit 2. Animals -Morphology and Physiology


Reproduction and Heredity

  • Unit 1. Reproduction, Growth and Development
  • Unit 2. Principles and Applications of Genetics


Environment & Health

  • Unit 1. Environment and its Conservation
  • Unit 2. Healthy Living


Emerging Areas in Biology

  • Biotechnology
  • Immunology




NIOS 12th Accountancy Syllabus 2023

NIOS 12th Accountancy Topics 2023

  • Accounting- an introduction
  • Accounting Concepts
  • Accounting Conventions and Standards
  • Accounting for Business Transactions
  • Journal
  • Ledger
  • Cash Book
  • Special Purpose Books
  • Trial Balance
  • Bank Reconciliation Statement
  • Bills of Exchange
  • Errors and their rectification
  • Computer and Computerised Accounting System
  • Depreciation
  • Provision and Reserves
  • Financial Statements - An Introduction
  • Financial Statements-I
  • Financial Statements-II
  • Not for Profit Organisations - An Introduction
  • Financial Statements (Not for Profit Organisations)
  • Accounts from Incomplete Records
  • Partnership - An Introduction
  • Admission of a Partner
  • Retirement and Death of a Partner
  • Dissolution of a partnership firm
  • Company - an introduction
  • Issues of Shares
  • Forfeiture of Shares
  • Reissue of Forfeited Shares
  • Issue of Debentures
  • Financial Statements Analysis - An Introduction
  • Accounting Ratios-I
  • Accounting Ratios-II
  • Cash Flow Statement 
  • Electronic SpreadSheet
  • Use of Spread-sheet in Business Application
  • Graphs and Charts for Business
  • Database Management System for Accounting

NIOS 12th Sociology Syllabus 2023



Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Sociology: Basic Concepts

  • An Introduction To Sociology
  • Emergence and Development of Sociology
  • Sociology: Its Relationships  with other social sciences
  • Methods and Techniques of Research in Sociology
  • Society, Community, Association and Institution
  • Social Groups
  • Social Structure and Social System
  • Norms and Values
  • Status and Role
  • Cooperation, Competition and Conflict
  • Acculturation, Assimilation and Integration


Social Institutions and Social Stratification

  • Marriage
  • Family
  • Kinship
  • Economy, Polity and Religion
  • Social Stratification: Hierarchy, Differentiation and Inequality 


Social Change, Socialization and Social Control

  • Factors of Social Change
  • Processes of Social Change
  • Socialisation
  • Social Control
  • Social Deviance
  • Society and Environment


Indian Society

  • Indian Social Thinkers
  • Unity and Diversity
  • National Integration: Concept and Challenge
  • Indian Society: Tribal, Rural and Urban
  • Caste System in India
  • Major Religious Communities in India
  • Major Social Problems of India
  • Problem of SC and ST
  • Problems of other deprived sections



Status of Women



Option (a) Status of Women

  • Society and Environment
  • Historical and Cultural Perspectives
  • Gender Discrimination
  • Problems of women
  • Quest for equality and women’s empowerment


Option (b) Culture

  • Culture: Concept and Characteristics
  • Indian Cultural Heritage
  • Cultural Pluralism
  • Media and Culture




NIOS 12th Environmental Science Syllabus 2023



Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Module 1 : Environment through Ages 

Environment-Origin, Evolution of Environment and its uses by Humans


Module 2 : Ecological Concept and Issues

Principles of Ecology : Composition and various types of Ecosystem


Module 3 : Human Impact of Environment 

Human Settlements and their impact on Environment


Module 4 : Contemporary Environmental Issues

  • Environmental Pollution and Natural Disasters 
  • National and Global Environmental Issues


Module 5 : Environmental Conservation

Conservation of Biodiversity and other Natural Resources (Soil, Land, Water, Energy etc.)


Module 6 : Sustainable Development 

Sustainable development with regard to Agriculture and Cleaner technology 


Module 7 Environmental Management

  • Environmental Ethics 
  • Legislation for Environmental Improvement
  • Organisation devoted to Environment 


Optional Module 8A: Water Resource Management 


Optional module 8B: Energy and Environment

Optional Module 8A

  • Water as a Resource
  • Conservation of water


Optional Module 8B

  • Energy use and its Impact on Environment
  • Energy Conservation








Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How to download NIOS 12th syllabus 2023?

Visit the official NIOS portal. Click on the learners tab, select “study material” and then click on the “senior secondary course”. A list of all class 12 subjects along with the syllabus PDFs will be displayed on your screen. From here, students can download the syllabus PDFs for their respective subjects.

What is the certification criteria for NIOS senior secondary (class 12) courses?

As per the NIOS certification criteria for class 12, students must pass in 5 subjects including at least one but not more than two languages.

Is there a practical exam for every subject we choose for the NIOS 12th examination 2023?

No, NIOS 12th practical examinations will only be conducted for a few specific subjects. Students must check the official NIOS website for further information.

From where can I get the NIOS class 12 sample papers?

The NIOS class 12 sample papers are available on the official NIOS website completely free of cost. Students can download the NIOS 12th sample papers from the official website itself.

How to download the NIOS 12th exam pattern?

Students can download the NIOS class 12 exam pattern 2023 directly from the official NIOS website.

What is the passing criteria in the NIOS 12th examination 2023?

As per the NIOS 12th passing criteria, students must secure a minimum of 33% marks separately in theory and practicals (wherever applicable) and also in aggregate in the NIOS 12th examination.

How to download the NIOS 12th previous year papers?

Visit the official website of NIOS. Go to the learners corner, click on the study material tab. Then, click on the tab for course material for senior secondary courses. Next, scroll down to the end of the page and there you will find a link to download the NIOS 12th previous year papers.

Can I select only four subjects for appearing in the NIOS 12th examination 2023?

No, as per the NIOS 12th exam pattern 2023, it is mandatory for the students to opt for a minimum of five subjects including at least one but not more than two language subjects. Students can, however, opt for a third language as an additional subject. Students must note that they can take up to two additional subjects, apart from the five core subjects.

Is it mandatory to refer to the NIOS course material while preparing for the NIOS 12th exam 2023?

It is essential for the students to first refer to the NIOS course material for the NIOS 12th exam preparation. Since the NIOS course material is particularly designed for the NIOS class 12 examination, this will help the students to streamline their exam preparation. Once students are through with the NIOS material, they can refer to other reference material, if required.

What are the exam dates for the NIOS 12th theory exams 2023?

The NIOS 12th theory exams 2023 will begin from April 6, 2023 and will continue till May 8, 2023.

When will the NIOS 12th result 2023 be released?

The NIOS 12th result for the April 2023 session is likely to be out in June 2023.

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