National Institute of Open Schooling 12th Board Exam
National Institute of Open Schooling 12th Board Exam

NIOS 12th Exam Pattern 2024: Latest NIOS Class 12 Exam Pattern and Marking Scheme

The NIOS 12th exam pattern 2024 is available on the official website of NIOS. Candidates must thoroughly go through the NIOS class 12 exam pattern and marking scheme before getting into the exam preparation process.
NIOS 12th Exam Pattern 2024

NIOS 12th Exam Pattern 2024

NIOS 12th Exam Pattern 2024: The National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) released the NIOS 12th exam pattern 2024 on its official website. Candidates must carefully go through the NIOS class 12 exam pattern and marking scheme for the relevant subjects. The board also released the sample papers/practice papers for all class 12 subjects on its official website. Candidates can refer to them while preparing for the NIOS 12th examination.

As per the latest NIOS 12th exam pattern, candidates must select a minimum of 5 subjects including at least one but not more than two language subjects. Candidates are also allowed to choose two additional subjects apart from the five core subjects. It must be noted that candidates can also choose a third language as an additional subject. Candidates must strategically choose their subjects for the open school examinations. The subjects chosen by the candidates must align with their future educational plans and vision for their career ahead.

By going through the NIOS class 12 exam pattern, candidates will be able to get valuable insights about the structure and pattern of the examination, types and number of questions asked in the exam, the marking scheme, important topics and so on. This article contains all the relevant information about the NIOS 12th exam pattern 2024. 

Also Check: NIOS 12th Syllabus 2024

NIOS Class 12 Exam Pattern 2024: Highlights

Candidates must be aware of the following points with regard to the NIOS 12th exam pattern 2024:

  • Candidates must select a minimum of 5 subjects including one language or at most two language subjects
  • Candidates can also choose two additional subjects apart from the five core subjects
  • Candidates must note that they can choose a third language, if they wish to, as an additional subject 
  • Candidates are advised to choose the subjects that are relevant to their future educational and career plans

Candidates are required to choose their subjects for the NIOS 12th exam 2024 from the following group of subjects:

Group 

Subjects

Group A

Hindi

English

Bangla

Tamil

Odia

Urdu

Gujarati

Sanskrit

Punjabi

Group B

Mathematics

Home Science

Psychology

Geography

Economics

Business Studies

Painting

Data Entry Operations

Veda Adhyan

Sanskrit Vyakaran

Bharatiya Darshan

Sanskrit Sahitya


Group C

Physics

History

Library and Information, Science

Environmental Science

Group D

Chemistry

Political Science

Mass Communication

Military Studies

Group E

Biology

Accountancy

Introduction to Law

Military History

Group F

Computer Science

Sociology

Tourism

Physical Education and Yog

Candidates can only opt for one subject each from Group C, D, E and F.

Also Check: NIOS 12th Previous Year Papers

NIOS 12th Exam Pattern 2024

Candidates appearing for the NIOS class 12 exam 2024 must be aware of the NIOS exam pattern for the relevant subjects:

NIOS 12th English Exam Pattern 2024

Unit

Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Prescribed Texts (Prose + Poetry)

25

Non Prescribed Text 

25 

Grammar

15

Functional Writing Skills 

20

Optional Modules 

15

TOTAL

100 MARKS

NIOS 12th English Exam Pattern 2024: Marking Scheme

Type of Questions

Core Section A

Optional Section B

B1

B2

Long Answer Questions

3 questions X 5 marks each = 15

1 question X 6 mark = 6

-

1 questions X 6 marks = 6

1 question X 4 marks = 4

Short Answer Questions


1 question X 4 marks each = 4

13 questions X 2 marks each = 26

-

 

Very Short Answer Questions

34 questions X 1 mark each = 34

4 questions X ½ mark each = 2

13 questions X 1 mark each = 13

5 questions X 1 mark each = 5

TOTAL MARKS

85 MARKS

15 MARKS

15 MARKS

NIOS 12th Biology Exam Pattern 2024

Module

Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Diversity and Evolution of Life

12

Form and function of plants and animals

26

Reproduction and Heredity

22

Environment & Health

13

Emerging Areas in Biology

07

TOTAL

80 MARKS

NIOS 12th Biology Exam Pattern 2024: Marking Scheme

Type of Questions in the question paper

Marks × No. of Questions

Total Marks

Essay (E)

6 × 4

24

Short Answers I (SA1)

4 × 6

24

Short Answers II (SA2)

2 × 12

24

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)

1 × 8

8

GRAND TOTAL

30 questions

80 MARKS

NIOS 12th Political Science Exam Pattern 2024

Unit

Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Individual and the State

14 

Aspects of the Constitution of India

15

Structure of Government

17

Democracy at Work

12

Major Contemporary Issues

15

India And the World 

12

Optional Module

World Order and the United Nations 

OR

Administrative System of India 

15

TOTAL

100 MARKS

NIOS 12th Political Science Exam Pattern 2024: Marking Scheme

Type of Questions in the question paper

No. of Questions X Marks per question

Total Marks

Long Answers 

5 × 8 

40

Short Answers

8 × 5

40

Very Short Answers

10 × 2

20

GRAND TOTAL

30 questions

100 MARKS

NIOS 12th Sociology Exam Pattern 2024

Module

Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Sociology: Basic Concepts

30

Social Institutions and Social Stratification

12

Social Change, Socialization and Social Control

13

Indian Society

30

Optional

Status of Women

OR

Culture

15

TOTAL

100 MARKS

NIOS 12th Sociology Exam Pattern 2024: Marking Scheme

Type of Questions in the question paper

Marks per question X No. of Questions

Total Marks

Long Answer

6 X 4

24

Short Answer 1

4 X 8

32

Short Answer 2

3 X 11

33

Very Short Answer 1

2 X 1

2

Very Short Answer 2

1 X 9

9

GRAND TOTAL

100 MARKS

NIOS 12th Mass Communication Exam Pattern 2024

Module

Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Introduction to Mass Communication

7

Print Media

12

Radio

12

Television

12

Advertising and Public Relations

12

New Media

10

Optional Modules

Traditional Media

OR

Photojournalism

15

TOTAL MARKS (THEORY)

80

TOTAL MARKS (PRACTICAL)

20

GRAND TOTAL

100 MARKS

NIOS 12th Environmental Science Exam Pattern 2024

Module

Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Module 1 : Environment through Ages 

5

Module 2 : Ecological Concept and Issues

12

Module 3 : Human Impact of Environment 

7

Module 4 : Contemporary Environmental Issues

15

Module 5 : Environmental Conservation

14

Module 6 : Sustainable Development 

7

Module 7 Environmental Management

8

Optional Module 8A : Water Resource Management 

OR

Optional module 8B : Energy and Environment

12

TOTAL MARKS (THEORY)

80

TOTAL MARKS (PRACTICAL)

20

GRAND TOTAL

100 MARKS

NIOS 12th Military History Exam Pattern 2024

Module

Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Module 1

10

Module 2

10

Module 3

15

Module 4

25

Module 5

20

Module 6

20

TOTAL 

100 MARKS

NIOS 12th Military History Exam Pattern 2024: Marking Scheme

Type of Questions in the question paper

No. of Questions X Marks per question

Total Marks

Long Answer Type

5 X 6

30

Short Answer

12 X 4

48

Very Short Answer

7 X 2

14

MCQ 

8 X 1

08

GRAND TOTAL

100 MARKS

NIOS 12th Military Studies Exam Pattern 2024

Module

Weightage (in terms of Marks)

Module 1

13

Module 2

13

Module 3

14

Module 4

20

Module 5

20

Module 6

20

TOTAL 

100 MARKS

NIOS 12th Military Studies Exam Pattern 2024: Marking Scheme

Type of Questions in the question paper

No. of Questions X Marks per question

Total Marks

Long Answer Type

6 X 6

36

Short Answer

12 X 4

48

Very Short Answer

6 X 2

12

MCQ 

4 X 1

04

GRAND TOTAL

100 MARKS

NIOS 12th Exam 2024: Preparation Tips for Students

Candidates can use the following exam preparation tips to prepare well for the NIOS 12th examination 2024:

  • Go through the NIOS syllabus and exam pattern carefully

Candidates must first thoroughly study the NIOS 12th exam syllabus and exam pattern. This will help them to streamline their exam preparation and work in the right direction.

  • Go through the previous year papers

It is essential for the candidates to go through and solve NIOS class 12 past year papers. By solving the previous year papers, candidates will get an idea about the type of questions asked in the exam and how to approach them.

  • Practise sample papers

Candidates must also practise as many NIOS 12th sample papers as possible. The NIOS sample papers are easily available on the official NIOS website. By solving the sample papers, candidates will be able to gauge the level of their preparation.

  • Refer to NIOS course material

The board has made the NIOS course material for all class 12 subjects on its official website. The NIOS 12th course material is designed specifically for the NIOS class 12 examination. Thus, candidates are advised to first refer to the NIOS material and then refer to other reference material, if required.

  • Create a balanced daily routine

Since exam preparation can get hectic and stressful at times, candidates are advised to create a healthy daily routine for themselves. In their daily routine, candidates must give equal importance to studies and rest and relaxation.

Know More About NIOS 12th Exam 2024

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is the certification criteria for the NIOS senior secondary (class 12) course?

Candidates must pass in five subjects including at least one but not more than two language subjects.

How many additional subjects can I take for the NIOS 12th exam 2024?

Candidates can choose up to two additional subjects for the NIOS class 12 examination 2024.

Will I have to pay an additional fee for choosing additional subjects?

Yes, candidates are required to pay Rs 720/- for each additional subject that they choose.

Can I choose three language subjects for appearing in the NIOS class 12 examination 2024?

As per the NIOS norms, candidates are required to choose a minimum of 5 subjects including at least one but not more than two language subjects. However, candidates can choose a third language subject as an additional subject.

How to download NIOS 12th exam pattern and sample papers?

Candidates can download the NIOS 12th exam pattern 2023 and sample papers for the relevant subjects from the official website of NIOS.

What are the passing marks for the NIOS 12th examination 2024?

Candidates must score a minimum of 33% marks separately in theory and practical exams (wherever applicable) and also in aggregate in order to pass the NIOS 12th examination.

In which mode will the NIOS class 12 exams 2024 be conducted?

This year, the NIOS class 12 examination will be conducted in the offline mode. The class 12 examination will be conducted at the various NIOS authorised examination centres.

On what basis should I choose the subjects for the NIOS 12th examination?

Candidates must choose the subjects for NIOS 12th exam very carefully. The subjects they choose must be relevant to their future higher education and career plans.

What sources should I refer to while preparing for the NIOS 12th examination 2024?

Candidates are advised to refer to the NIOS course material for exam preparation. Once they have thoroughly studied the NIOS course material, they can move on to other reference books, if required. The NIOS course material is easily available on the official NIOS website.

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